Replacement Cost vs. Market Value: What's the Difference?
When you purchase a home and start thinking about protecting your investment, this is often the first question. The answer is often: More than you just paid for it, Buckel says.
See also: How Much Does Homeowners Insurance Cost?
“People naturally gravitate to how much they paid for the house, but we’re not insuring it to buy it from you – we’re insuring it to rebuild it in case something happens,” Buckel says. “The question you need to be asking is, ‘How much would it cost if a builder needs to rebuild it?”
This is why replacement cost is often more than market value for your home, or even what you might be able to sell it for.
Figuring out rebuilding costs can be elusive, as a range of factors contribute to what that actual cost might be. Guaranteed replacement costs takes the guesswork out, assuring that you’re covered – even if you need to rebuild your entire home1.
What are Loss Settlement Options in Homeowners Insurance?
Guaranteed replacement cost is one of a range of choices – called “loss settlement options” in the business – which insurance companies offer to homeowners.
Common loss settlement options include:
- Replacement cost
- Extended replacement cost
- Actual cash value
- Guaranteed replacement cost
Each one works a little bit differently. Different insurance companies offer different things, too. (For example: ERIE does not offer actual cash value loss settlement for the dwelling on your primary home – it’s only available for secondary homes and contents. You’ll learn more about actual cash value below.)
Here’s a breakdown of some of those key differences:
Replacement Cost vs. Guaranteed Replacement Cost
That one word – guaranteed – makes a big difference if you’re facing a total loss of your home. Here’s what makes replacement cost different from guaranteed replacement cost.
- What is replacement cost? When you’re issued a policy with just replacement cost, the insurance company works with you to project how much it would likely cost to fully replace your home. You can see the replacement cost and the specific limit for your policy on your declarations page. Replacement cost is provided up to the limit shown on the declarations page.
- What to expect with replacement cost: The replacement cost amount usually gets increased annually – normally by 2 to 5%each year, depending on your area. In periods of high inflation, the increase could be much higher.
Here’s the big difference: If your home is destroyed and a builder actually estimates that the cost to rebuild is more than that replacement cost figure… then you, as the homeowner, are responsible to make up the difference. That’s why it’s important as a homeowner to make sure you know and are comfortable with how much your home is insured for.
- Here’s an example: If your home is insured at a replacement cost of $200,000, and in reality it is going to cost $250,000 to rebuild, then you either need to come up with an additional $50,000 or find ways to reduce costs… which could result in a smaller, less-appointed house than you originally had.
The premium amount you pay for replacement cost compared to guaranteed replacement cost is typically about the same, although some factors unique to your situation may make one or the other more expensive.
Extended Replacement Cost vs. Guaranteed Replacement Cost
Think of extended replacement cost like a predetermined amount of cash you can dip into in case the cost to rebuild runs high. Still, it’s not the same as guaranteed replacement cost. Here’s how it works:
- What is extended replacement cost? With extended replacement cost, your insurance company assures that a financial cushion exists in the event that cost of rebuilding is more than the estimated replacement cost.
- What to expect with extended replacement cost: Specifically with Erie Insurance, that cushion is 25 percent above the dwelling amount, as shown on your declarations page.
While 25 percent may seem like a lot, there are often circumstances that cause costs to soar well beyond that.
“When a hurricane or tornado does a lot of damage in a specific area, the cost to rebuild skyrockets,” Buckel says. “Everyone is trying to rebuild, and the cost of lumber, labor and building supplies all go up. If you don’t have the right coverage, you are not going to have nearly enough to rebuild.”
- Here’s an example: For a home insured at $300,000, extended replacement cost would give you an extra $75,000 to work with. Yet again, if costs go beyond that extra $75,000… you are on the hook to make up the difference, or rebuild a smaller home.
Premium costs for extended replacement cost are generally comparable to guaranteed replacement cost, although some factors unique to your situation may make one or the other more expensive.
Actual Cash Value vs. Guaranteed Replacement Cost
In simple terms, actual cash value is basic coverage. While there’s no doubt that actual cash value is typically your least expensive option, there is also truth in the old saying, you get what you pay for.
- What is actual cash value? With actual cash value, you get coverage for a pre-determined set amount to rebuild your home after a covered loss… and no more. Compared to guaranteed replacement cost, actual cash value often offers the least attractive option as you will likely be required to pay out-of-pocket costs if you aim to restore your home to its previous design and condition.
- What to expect with actual cash value: Some policies also factor in depreciation of things such as an aging roof – so you may end up with even less than the policy states.
As we mentioned above: ERIE does not offer actual cash value loss settlement for the dwelling on your primary home – it’s only available for secondary homes and contents.
Ask a Local ERIE Agent About Guaranteed Replacement Cost
Of course, the ideal scenario is that you will never need to use guaranteed replacement cost coverage. Yet, if you do need it, you can rest assured that guaranteed replacement cost coverage will provide the money necessary to rebuild without requiring you to shell out additional cash.
“If it’s a covered loss and costs run high, we will pay whatever the difference is,” Buckel says. “It’s on us, not you.”
Good news for ERIE customers: Guaranteed replacement cost is included in our base ErieSecure Home® policy, a feature that will cost you extra with most insurers2.
1Guaranteed Replacement Cost applies to dwelling and requires home improvements over $5,000 to be reported within 90 days - not available with all policies and in all states. Coverage of costs to comply with laws or ordinances is subject to limits. Depreciation will be deducted until repair or replacement is made. Talk to an ERIE agent for more information.
2The information in this blog is a summary and does not include all coverages and benefits available through an ErieSecure Home® policy or apply to all states. Coverage, benefits, limits and deductibles will vary. Conditions, exclusions and limitations will apply. Refer to our disclaimer for more information. Talk to an ERIE agent for state specific policy information.
There are few things in life worse than losing your home to fire or a natural disaster.
Except, that is, discovering in the aftermath that you don’t have enough homeowners insurance coverage to rebuild the house back to the way it was before trouble struck.
If you get guaranteed replacement cost coverage, that is unlikely to happen. Why? Because guaranteed replacement cost will pay for the full cost of rebuilding your house back to its previous size and specifications1 – right down to the granite countertops, custom bookshelves, and gleaming hardwood floors that you so love.
WHY SHOULD I CONSIDER GUARANTEED REPLACEMENT COST?
“Guaranteed replacement cost gives you peace of mind,” says Bob Buckel, vice president and product manager at Erie Insurance. “The reality is that it’s almost impossible to estimate to the penny what it’s going to cost to rebuild a home. We take that worry away from you.”
With the everchanging price of building materials and labor, it’s easy to see why GRC is the gold standard for homeowners insurance.
Keep in mind that guaranteed replacement cost isn’t available in all states. In North Carolina, ask about Enhanced Replacement Cost. For specific questions or a personalized estimate for your home, talk to a local insurance professional like an Erie Insurance agent.